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Catalan

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  1. About Catalan
  2. Accent Codes
    1. Windows Alt Codes
    2. Windows International Keyboard
    3. Macintosh Accent Codes
  3. Catalan or International Keyboards (New Page)
  4. Web Development
    1. Language Code: ca (Catalan, Standard) and ca-valencia (Valencian)
  5. Linux Links

About Catalan

Catalan is a Romance language related to Spanish and French spoken in Barcelona, Valencia, the eastern coast of Spain, parts of Southern France and in the Republic of Andorra. lf you need to refer to additional characters, look under the Accents tab.

Note that Valencian is considered a disticnt variety of standard Catalan.

Windows ALT Codes

In Windows, combinations of the ALT key plus a numeric code from the number keypad can be used to type a non-English character in any Windows application.

See the detailed instructions on the ALT Code How To for complete information on implementing the code. Additional options for entering accents in Windows are also listed in the Accents section of this Web site.

Capital Vowels
Vwl ALT Code
À ALT+0192
È ALT+0200
É ALT+0201
Í ALT+0205
Ï ALT+0207
Ò ALT+0210
Ó ALT+0211
Ú ALT+0218
Ü ALT+0220
Lower Vowels
Vwl ALT Code
à ALT+0224
è ALT+0232
é ALT+0233
í ALT+0237
ï ALT+0239
ò ALT+0242
ó ALT+0243
ú ALT+0250
ü ALT+0252
Consonants/Punctuation
Sym ALT Code
Ç ALT+0199 (cap C cedilla)
ç ALT+0231 (lower)
ª ALT+0170 (Feminine Ordinal)
« ALT+0171 (Left Angle Quote)
» ALT+0187 (Right Angle Quote)
ALT+0128

 

Windows International Keyboard Codes

In order to use these codes you must activate the U.S. international keyboard.

Once the U.S. International keyboard has been activated, you can use the codes below.

Accented Vowels

This list is organized by Accent type. The sample shows a letter with that accent, and the Notes present any special comments about using that accent.

For the Template, the symbol "V" means type any vowel.

Windows International Keyboard Vowel Codes
ACCENT SAMPLE TEMPLATE NOTES
Grave à À `, V ` = left single quote
Acute ó Ó ', V ' = apostrophe key
Umlaut ü Ü ", V " = quote key

Example 1: To type lower case ó - Type the apostrophe key ('), then O.  For capital Ó, type the apostrophe, then capital O.

Consonants and Puncutation

For these codes, you must make sure you use the Alt key on the right side of the keyboard.
Note: that there is no shortcut for the joined O-E.

Codes for Consonants/Punctuation
Sym Code
Ç Shift+RightAlt + <
ç RightAlt + <
« RightAlt+[
» RightAlt+]
Control+RightAlt+5

Windows Catalan Keyboard

If you wish to simulate a non U.S. keyboard, follow the instructions for Activating Keyboard Locales to activate and switch Microsoft keyboards.

Macintosh Accent Codes

Accented Vowels

For the Template, the symbol "V" means any vowel. The format is to hold the first two keys down simultaneously, release, then type the vowel you wish to be accented.
Note: You should use the Catalan Keyboard if you need to type accents on the letter y.

Mac Vowel Codes
ACCENT SAMPLE TEMPLATE
Grave à À Option+`, V
Acute ú Ú Option+E, V
Umlaut ü Ü Option+U, V

Example 1: To input the lower case ó, hold down the Option key, then the E key. Release both keys then type lowercase o.
Example 2: To input the capital Ó, hold down the Option key, then the E key. Release all three keys then type capital O.

Other Characters

Mac Consonants/Punctuation
Sym Mac Option Code
ç Option+C
Ç Shift+Option+C
« Option+\
» Shift+Option+\
Shift+Option+2
(not on older fonts)

Spanish Web Pages

If you are developing Web pages with Spanish content, the following information can make sure that the content is properly displayed.

This section presents information specific to Spanish. For general information about developing non-English Web sites, see the Encoding Tutorial or the Web Layout sections.

Historical Encodings

Unicode (utf-8) is the preferred encoding for Web sites. However, the following historic encodings may still be encountered.

If possible, you should transition to Unicode.

Language Tags

Language Tags allow browsers and other software to process text more efficiently. They are also important for optimal screen reader accessibility.

Web Pages

This section presents information specific to Portuguese. For general information about developing non-English Web sites, see the Encoding Tutorial or the Web Layout sections.

Historical Encodings

Unicode (utf-8) is the preferred encoding for Web sites. However, the following historic encodings may still be encountered.

Language Tags

Language Tags allow browsers and other software to process text more efficiently. They are also important for optimal screen reader accessibility.

These are the codes which allow browsers and screen readers to process data as the appropriate language. All letters in codes are lower case.

HTML Entity Codes

Use these codes to input accented letters in HTML. For instance, if you want to type algú you would type alg&uacte;.

The numbers in parentheses are the numeric codes assigned in Unicode encoding. For instance, because ú is number 250, alg&#250; can also be used to input algú. These numbers are also used with the Windows Alt codes listed above.

Capital Vowels
Vwl Entity Code
À &Agrave;(192)
È &Egrave; (200)
É &Eacute; (201)
Í &Iacute; (205)
Ï &Iuml; (207)
Ò &Ograve; (210)
Ó &Oacute; (211)
Ú &Uacute; (218)
Ü &Uuml; (220)
Lower Vowels
Vwl Entity Code
à &agrave; (224)
è &egrave; (232)
é &eacute; (233)
í &icirc; (237)
ï &iuml; (239)
ò &ograve; (242)
ó &oacute; (243)
ú &uacute; (250)
ü &uuml; (252)
Cons/Symbols
Sym Entity Code
Ç &Ccedil; (199)
ç &ccedil; (231)
« &laquo; (171)
» &raquo; (187)
&lsaquo;
&rsaquo;
&euro;

 

Linux/Unix

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Last Modified: Tuesday, 28-Mar-2017 13:56:25 EDT