The Hebrew script is written right to left and can include diacritics to specify vowel marks, but these marks are often ommited in Modern Hebrew. In order to process Hebrew correctly, software must be able to display text from right to left and include vowel marks as needed.
Note: Modern Hebrew is sometimes called Ivrit, a form closer to the actual pronuciation of עברית "Hebrew"
Note that the Hebrew script is used for other Jewish community languages, particularly Yiddish (which includes additional characters). See Jewish Languages.org for details on other languages written in the Hebrew alphabet.
Both Microsoft and Apple provode fonts for Hebrew in their operating systems.
Additional freeware fonts can be downloaded from the sites below. All fonts include vowel points and many include Yiddish characters.
If you have your browser configured correctly, the Web sites below should display the correct characters. If you have difficulties, see list below for font and browser configuration instructions.
If this site is not displaying correctly, see the Browser Setup page for debugging information.
Hebrew keyboards utilities allow users to type Hebrew characters on their computers. These utilitites come with two main layout option types. One is the native layout which is similar to a Hebrew typewritier from Israel.
The other is a transliterated (or homophonic/QWERTY) layout in which Hebrew characters are mapped to the closest English keyboard counterpart. For instance typing Latin A would be Hebrew "א", B would be Hebrew "ב", Latin L would be Hebrew "ל " and Latin M would be Hebrew "מ". This layout is often preferred by English speakers because it is easier to remember the position of the letters.
Windows only has access to the native layout, but Kansas University does offer a homophonic layout for learners.
A native Hebrew and QWERTY Hebrew keyboard are available in Macintosh.
For a person new to an RTL script, typing can be a little disorienting and different from LTR scripts. The RTL page presents some helpful information including how to right align a document and work with punctuation.
utf-8) is the preferred encoding for Hebrew, especially if the document includes vowel codes. However some other encodings may be encountered
Logical Hebrew vs. Visual Hebrew is an older disctinction about how text was entered into a document.
In the older Visual Hebrew (Deprecated) system, text had to be entered backwards (as if they were left to right) in order to to be correctly displayed on the screen. In a Logical Hebrew system (including Unicode), letters are entered in the correct order and then correctly sequenenced from right to left.
For example, in the word (אדמ) Adam, in a logical encoding, a person would type the letters in the order 1 (מ) A/מ, 2 (ד) for D, 3 (א) for M, but the display would be RTL. In a visual encoding, a developer would need to enter 1 (א) for M, 2 (ד) for D, 3 (מ) A/מ because the text could only be layed out LTR.
Language Tags allow browsers and other software to process Hebrew script text more efficiently. Some major language tags are:
hbo- Ancient/Biblical Hebrew
bhh- Bukhori/Judeo Tajiki Persian
jrb- Judeo Arabic Languages
smp- Samaritan Hebrew
Some HTML editors set the direction automatically, but it can also be set manually
using the new
<bdo> attributes. See the Right-to-Left Alignment tips page for more details.
If you wish to input a word or short phrase, you can use Unicode entity codes. See the Hebrew Unicode Chart to view hexadecimal code points for Hebrew and other Jewish languages.
Includes vowel marks, Yiddish and Biblical Hebrew
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Last Modified: Tuesday, 27-Sep-2016 14:50:31 EDT