Modern Japanese writing mixes four different scripts, including the Latin alphabet, depending on the word and context of the material. The four major scripts used in Japanese are:
In addition to the scripts listed above, Japanese writing can also include these scripts.
If you have your browser configured correctly, the Web site below should display the correct characters. If you have difficulties, see list below for font and browser configuration instructions.
If this site is not displaying correctly, see the Browser Setup page for debugging information.
Both Windows and Mac (and mobile platforms) provide a set of Japanese fonts, but more decorative versions may be found through font vendors or font download sites.
In Windows, Macintosh/iOS and Droid, input options for all the Japanese scripts are available. See the links below for more information.
You can also view generic documentation for
When Japanese is transliterated into English in the Romaji systems, long marks are used to indicate long vowels. These can be written in one of several ways depending on the operating system.
Cap long A
Cap long E
Cap long I
Cap long O
Cap long U
Lower long A
Lower long E
Lower long I
Lower long O
Lower long U
You can activate the ABC/Extended Roman keyboard to type the long marks.
|Macron||ā, Ā||Option+A, V|
For example, to insert lower long O ō, you would type Option+A, then O.
Below are the codes for typing a Yen sign in different platforms.
|Windows||Type Alt+0165. You must use the numeric keypad. See details on the Alt Key page.|
|HTML||Use the code
utf-8) s the preferred encoding for Web sites. However, the following historic encodings may still be encountered.
Language Tags allow browsers and other software to process text more efficiently.
See the Vertical Text page for information on vertical text.
©Penn State University, 2000-2013.
This Web page maintained by Teaching and Learning with Technology, a unit of Information Technology Services. For questions or comments on this Web page, please contact Elizabeth J. Pyatt (firstname.lastname@example.org).
This site uses Unicode to display non-English characters. This site is best viewed in the most recent versions of your browser.
Unicode character names and hexadecimal entity codes are taken from the public Unicode Character Charts.
This publication is available in alternate media upon request.