This page covers utilities and codes for the modern languages of Danish, Norwegian, Swedish and Finnish.
For historic reasons, the languages of Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Finland use a similar set of characters. The characters not found in English are listed below by language.
Note: All the major Scandinavian languages are related to each other, except for Finnish.
In Windows, combinations of the ALT key plus a numeric code from the number keypad can be used to type a non-English character in any Windows application.
See the detailed instructions on the ALT Code How To for complete information on implementing the code. Additional options for entering accents in Windows are also listed in the Accents section of this Web site.
|Æ||ALT+0198 (Capital ash)|
|æ||ALT+0230 (Lowercase ash)|
|Å||ALT+0197 (Capital A ring)|
|å||ALT+0229 (Lowercase A ring)|
|Ä||ALT+0196 (Capital A umlaut)|
|ä||ALT+0228 (Lowercase A umlaut)|
|Ø||ALT+0216 (Capital O slash)|
|ø||ALT+0248 (Lowercase O slash)|
|Ö||ALT+0214 (Capital O umlaut)|
|ö||ALT+0246 (Lowercase o slash)|
|«||ALT+0171 (Left Angle Quote)|
|»||ALT+0187 (Right Angle Quote)|
In order to use these codes you must activate the U.S. international keyboard. Once the U.S. International keyboard has been activated, you can use the codes below.
|æ, Æ||RightAlt+Z, Shift+RightAlt+Z (You must use the Alt key on the right)|
|å, Å||RightAlt+W, Shift+RightAlt+W|
|ø, Ø||RightAlt+L, Shift+RightAlt+L|
|("+V) - Type double quote, then the vowel.|
|Sym||Int'l Keyboard Code|
Below are the accent codes or "Option" codes for the mainland Scandinavian letters. For the Template, the symbol "V" means any vowel. The format is to hold the first two keys down simultaneously, release, then type the vowel you wish to be accented.
Option+' (single quote)
Type Option+U, then the vowel.
utf-8) is the preferred encoding for Web sites. However, the following historic encodings may still be encountered.
iso-8859-15(adds support for the euro (€)
If possible, you should transition to Unicode.
Use these codes to input accented letters in HTML. For instance, if you want
to type Bokmål (lit: "book Norwegian") you would type
The numbers in parentheses are the numeric codes assigned in Unicode encoding. For instance, because å is number 229 3,
Bokmål can also be used to input Bokmål. These numbers are also used with the Windows Alt codes listed above.
Many modern texts use American style quotes, but if you wish to include European style quote marks, here are the codes. Note that these codes may not work in older browsers.
|Sym||HTMl Entity Code|
|«||« (left angle)|
|»||» (right angle)|
|‹||‹ (left single angle)|
|›||› (right single angle)|
|‚||‚(single bottom quote)|
|“||“(left curly quote)|
|‘||‘(left single curly quote)|
|”||”(right curly quote)|
|’||’(right single curly quote)|
|–||– (en dash)|
|—||— (em dash)|
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This Web page maintained by Teaching and Learning with Technology, a unit of Information Technology Services. For questions or comments on this Web page, please contact Elizabeth J. Pyatt (firstname.lastname@example.org).
This site uses Unicode to display non-English characters. This site is best viewed in the most recent versions of your browser.
Unicode character names and hexadecimal entity codes are taken from the public Unicode Character Charts.
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