Occitan (oc) refers to a series of related dialects in Southern France. Occitan's specific dialects include Langue D'oc, Provençal, Gascon, Limousin, and Auvergnat, all of which are reported to be mutually inteligible. Catalan is also closely related to this group of languages.
Franco-Provençal is a third set of dialects "in between" standard French and Occitan spoken in the southeast, Western Switerland and northern Italy. Dialects include Picardie, Genevan, Savoy, Piedmontese (Italy).
In Windows, combinations of the ALT key plus a numeric code can be used to type a non-English character (accented letter or punctuation symbol) in any Windows application. More detailed instructions about typing accents with ALT keys are available. Additional options for entering accents in Windows are also listed in the Accents section of this Web site.
|«||ALT+0171 (Left Angle Quote)|
|»||ALT+0187 (Right Angle Quote)|
This list is organized by Accent type. The sample shows a letter with that accent, and the Notes present any special comments about using that accent.
For the Template, the symbol "V" means type any vowel.
|Grave||à À||`, V||` = left single quote|
|Acute||ó Ó||', V||' = apostrophe key|
Example 1: To type lower case ó - Type the apostrophe key ('), then O. For capital Ó, type the apostrophe, then capital O.
For these codes, you must make sure you use the Alt key on the right side of the keyboard.
Note: that there is no shortcut for the joined O-E.
|Ç||Shift+RightAlt + <|
|ç||RightAlt + <|
If you wish to simulate a non U.S. keyboard, follow the instructions for Activating Keyboard Locales to activate and switch Microsoft keyboards.
For the Template, the symbol "V" means any vowel. The
format is to hold the first two keys down simultaneously, release, then
type the vowel you wish to be accented.
Note: You should use the Occitan Keyboard if you need to type accents on the letter y.
|Grave||à À||Option+`, V|
|Acute||ú Ú||Option+E, V|
Example 1: To input the lower case ó, hold down the Option key, then the E key. Release both keys then type lowercase o.
Example 2: To input the capital Ó, hold down the Option key, then the E key. Release all three keys then type capital O.
|Sym||Mac Option Code|
(not on older fonts)
These are the codes which allow browsers and screen readers to process data as the appropriate language. All letters in codes are lower case.
See Using Encoding and Language Codes for more information on the meaning and implementation of these codes.
Use these codes to input accented letters in HTML. For instance, if you
want to type algú you would type
The numbers in parentheses are the numeric codes assigned in Unicode encoding. For instance, because ú is number 250,
algú can also be used to input algú. These numbers are also used with the Windows Alt
codes listed above.
|Sym||Entity Code||Ç||Ç (199)|
Note: Older browsers may not the suport single angle codes (‹ / › for ‹ and ›).
Computers process text by assuming a certain encoding or a system of matching electronic data with visual text characters. Whenever you develop a Web site you need to make sure the proper encoding is specified in the header tags; otherwise the browser may default to U.S. settings and not display the text properly.
To declare an encoding, insert or inspect the following meta-tag at the top of your HTML file, then replace "???" with one of the encoding codes listed above. If you are not sure, use utf-8 as the encoding.
Generic Encoding Template
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=??? ">
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8 ">
The final close slash must be included after the final quote mark in the encoding header tag if you are using XHTML
Declare Unicode in XHTML
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
If no encoding is declared, then the browser uses the default setting, which in the U.S. is typically Latin-1. Some display errors may occur.
Language tags are also suggested so that search engines and screen readers parse the language of a page. These are metadata tags which indicate the language of a page, not devices to trigger translation. Visit the Language Tag page to view information on where to insert it.
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This site uses Unicode to display non-English characters. This site is best viewed in the most recent versions of your browser.
Unicode character names and hexadecimal entity codes are taken from the public Unicode Character Charts.
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