Teaching and Learning with Technology

Computing With Accents and Foreign Scripts

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Almost all applications support Portuguese accents. Guidelines for typing and using accents are given below.  If you need to refer to additional characters, look under the Accents section.

Thanks to Ingrid Truemper for her technical assistance.

  1. About Portuguese
  2. Accent Codes
    1. Windows Alt Codes
    2. Windows International Keyboard
    3. Macintosh Accent Codes
  3. Portuguese or International Keyboards (New Page)
  4. Portuguese Web Pages
  5. Language Codes
  6. HTML Accent Codes
  7. Links

About Portuguese

Due to early colonialization from Portugal, forms of Portuguese can be found in South America (Brazil), Africa (Angola, Cape Verde, Mozambique, etc) and the South Pacific (East Timor).

Over the centuries, some of the Portuguese forms have diverged quite a bit, especially in Brazil versus Portugal (or European/Continental Portugues). The differences in spelling and grammar are significant enough that some translaters recommend separate documents for a Brazilian market versus a Portuguese market.

Note: Speakers in the U.S. learning Portuguese typically Brazilian Portuguese, which is now considered the prestige standard.



Galician is a language closely related to Portuguese, but spoken within the Galicia province of Spain. Information about Galician is located on the Spanish page.

Windows ALT Codes

In Windows, combinations of the ALT key plus a numeric code from the number keypad can be used to type a non-English character in any Windows application.

See the detailed instructions on the ALT Code How To for complete information on implementing the code. Additional options for entering accents in Windows are also listed in the Accents section of this Web site.

Capital Vowels
Vwl Entity Code
À ALT+0192
Á ALT+0193
à ALT+0195
É ALT+0201
Ê ALT+0202
Í ALT+0205
Ó ALT+0211
Ô ALT+0212
Õ ALT+0213
Ú ALT+0218
Ü ALT+0220
Capital Vowels
Vwl Entity Code
à ALT+0224
á ALT+0225
â ALT+0226
ã ALT+0227
é ALT+0233
ê ALT+0234
í ALT+0237
ó ALT+0243
ô ALT+0244
õ ALT+0245
ú ALT+0250
ü ALT+0252
Other Symbols
Sym ALT Code
¿ ALT+0191
¡ ALT+0161
º ALT+0186 (Masculine Ordinal)
ª ALT+0170 (Feminine Ordinal)
« ALT+0171 (Left Angle Quote)
» ALT+0187 (Right Angle Quote)

Quick Examples

  1. To input capital Á (ALT+0193), hold down the ALT key then type 0193 (all four digits) on the numeric keypad. The ALT codes do not work with the row of number keys on the top.
  2. To input lowercase á (ALT+0225), change the code from 0193 to 0225.

See the ALT Code How To for complete information on implementing the code.

Windows International Keyboard Codes

In order to use these codes you must activate the U.S. international keyboard.

Once the U.S. International keyboard has been activated, you can use the codes below.

Accented Vowels

This list is organized by Accent type. For the Template, the symbol "V" means type any vowel.

Windows International Keyboard Codes for Portuguese
Acute á Á ', V ' = apostrophe key
Circumflex â Â SHIFT+^, V  
Grave à À `, V ` = left single quote
Tilde ã Ã SHIFT+~,V  
Umlaut ë Ë ", V " = quote key

Example 1: To type lower case ó - Type the apostrophe key ('), then O.  For capital Ó, type the apostrophe, then capital O.

Consonants and Puncutation

For these codes, you must make sure you use the Alt key on the right side of the keyboard.

International Keyboard Codes for Consonants, Punctuation
Sym Code
Ç Shift+RightAlt + <
ç RightAlt + <
« RightAlt+[
» RightAlt+]

Windows Portuguese Keyboard

If you wish to simulate a non U.S. keyboard, follow the instructions for Activating Keyboard Locales to activate and switch Microsoft keyboards.

Macintosh Accent Codes

Accented Vowels

The format is to hold the first two keys down simultaneously, release, then type the vowel you wish to be accented. For the Template, the symbol "V" means any vowel.

Macintosh Option Codes for Portuguese
Acute á Á Option+E, V
Circumflex â Â Option+I, V
Grave à À Option+`, V
Tilde ã Ã Option+N, V
Umlaut ë Ë Option+U, V

Example 1: To input the lower case ó, hold down the Option key, then the E key. Release both keys then type lowercase o.
Example 2: To input the capital Ó, hold down the Option key, then the E key. Release all three keys then type capital O.

Other Characters

Other Mac Codes
Sym Code
ç Option+C
Ç Shift+Option+C
º Option+0
ª Option+9
« Option+\
» Shift+Option+\
(not on older fonts)


Portuguese Web Pages

If you are developing Web pages with French content, the following information can make sure that the content is properly displayed.

This section presents information specific to French. For general information about developing non-English Web sites, see the Encoding Tutorial or the Web Layout sections.

Historical Encodings

Unicode (utf-8) is the preferred encoding for Web sites. However, the following historic encodings may still be encountered.

If possible, you should transition to Unicode.


Language Codes

Language Tags allow browsers and other software to process text more efficiently. They are also important for optimal screen reader accessibility.

Below are some common codes that might be used in the Francophone world.

Portuguese Variants by Country

HTML Accent Codes

Use these codes to input accented letters in HTML. For instance, if you want to type São you would type S&atilde;o.

The numbers in parentheses are the numeric codes assigned in Unicode encoding. For instance, because ã is number 227, S&#227;o can also be used to input São. These numbers are also used with the Windows Alt codes listed above.

Capital Vowels
Vwl ALT Code
À &Agrave; (192)
Á &Aacute; (193)
 &Acirc; (194)
à &Atilde; (195)
É &Eacute; (201)
Ê &Ecirc; (202)
Í &Iacute; (205)
Ó &Oacute; (211)
Ô &Ocirc; (212)
Õ &Otilde; (213)
Ú &Uacute; (218)
Ü &Uuml; (220)
Lower Vowels
Vwl ALT Code
à &agrave; (224)
á &aacute; (225)
â &acirc; (226)
ã &atilde; (227)
é &eacute; (233)
ê &ecirc; (234)
í &iacute; (237)
ó &oacute; (243)
ô &ocirc; (244)
õ &otilde; (245)
ú &uacute; (250)
ü &uuml; (252)
Sym ALT Code
Ç &Ccedil; (199)
ç &ccedil; (231)
º &ordm; (186)
ª &ordf; (170)
« &laquo; (171)
» &raquo; (187)



Most content in Portuguese.

Brazillian vs. European Portuguese

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Last Modified: Thursday, 08-Sep-2016 13:12:21 EDT