This page focuses on utilities for Russian. See the Cyrillic page for information on other Eastern European and Central Asian languages written in the Cyrillic script.
Many common fonts such as Times New Roman, Helvetica, Comic Sans, Palatinto and many more include basic Cyrillic characters. The way to see these characters is to activate a Russian keyboard utility (see the next section for details).
Additional Russian fonts can be purchased or downloaded, but it's important that the fonts be properly encoded fonts.
Russian keyboards utilities allow users to type Cyrillic letters on their computers. These utilitites come with two main layout option types. One is the native layout which is similar to a Cyrillic typewritier from Russia.
The other is a transliterated (or phonetic/QWERTY) layout in which Cyrillic letters are mapped to the closest English keyboard counterpart. For instance Latin Latin D would be Cyrillic Д, S would be Cyrillic "С (C)", Latin "R" would be Cyrillic "Р (Ρ) " and Latin "P" would be Cyrillic "П". This layout is often preferred by English speakers because it is easier to remember the position of the letters.
Note: For learners in Windows 10, the Russian Mnemonic keyboard is recommended.
Note: For learners, the Russian-Phonetic option is recommended.
Windows 8 and 10 include a Russian Mnemonic option which is a transliterated keyboard.
Earlier versions only included native layouts, but users can download phonetic keyboard utilities in their place.
On the Mac, the Russian Phonetic or Bulgarian Phonetic keyboards are available to activate. See Macintosh Keyboard instructions for details on accessing and using these utilities.
If you have your browser configured correctly, the Web sites below should display the correct characters. If you have difficulties, see list below for font and browser configuration instructions.
If these sites are not displaying correctly, see the Browser Setup page for debugging information.
utf-8) is the preferred encoding for Web sites. However, the following historic encodings may still be encountered.
Language Tags allow browsers and other software to process Russian text more efficiently.
Language Code: ru
In most cases it is better to type content with the Russian keyboard utilities, but if you wish to input a word or short phrase, you can use Unicode entity codes.
See the Cyrillic Unicode Block Codes page for details.
These pages mostly talk about older technology, but still have useful information.
©Penn State University, 2000-2013.
This Web page maintained by Teaching and Learning with Technology, a unit of Information Technology Services. For questions or comments on this Web page, please contact Elizabeth J. Pyatt (email@example.com).
This site uses Unicode to display non-English characters. This site is best viewed in the most recent versions of your browser.
Unicode character names and hexadecimal entity codes are taken from the public Unicode Character Charts.
This publication is available in alternate media upon request.
Last Modified: Thursday, 08-Sep-2016 13:12:21 EDT