Teaching and Learning with Technology

Computing With Accents and Foreign Scripts

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Almost all applications support Dutch accents. Guidelines for typing and using accents are given below.  If you need to refer to additional characters, look under the Accents section.

Thanks to Lex Bennik for techincal assistance.

  1. About the Languages
  2. Accent Codes
    1. Windows Alt Codes
    2. Windows International Keyboard
    3. Macintosh Accent Codes
  3. International Keyboards (New Page)
  4. HTML Accent Codes
    1. Language Codes: wa (Walloon)
  5. Linux Links

About the Languages

Walloon is a sister language to French which developed its own grammar in the Middle Ages. It is primarily spoken in Belgium along with Belgian French and Flemish (Dutch).

Links about Walloon

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Windows Alt Codes

In Windows, combinations of the ALT key plus a numeric code can be used to type a non-English character (accented letter or punctuation symbol) in any Windows application. More detailed instructions about typing accents with ALT keys are available.  Additional options for entering accents in Windows are also listed in the Accents section of this Web site.

Alt Codes for typing Walloon characters:

Capital Vowels
Vwl Capital Vowels
Å ALT+0197
Æ ALT+0198
È ALT+0200
É ALT+0201
Ê ALT+0202
Ë ALT+0203
Î ALT+0206
Ô ALT+0212
Û ALT+0219
Lower Vowels
Vwl Lowercase Vowels
å ALT+0229
â ALT+0226
æ ALT+0230
è ALT+0232
é ALT+0233
ê ALT+0234
ë ALT+0235
î ALT+0238
ô ALT+0244
œ ALT+0156
û ALT+0251
Consonants, Punctuation
Sym ALT Code
Ç ALT+0199 (caps)
ç ALT+0231 (lower)
« ALT+0171 (Left Angle Quote)
» ALT+0187 (Right Angle Quote)


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Windows International Keyboard Codes

In order to use these codes you must activate the international keyboard. Instructions are listed in the Keyboards section of this Web site.

Accented Vowels

This list is organized by Accent type. The sample shows a letter with that accent, and the Notes present any special comments about using that accent.

For the Template, the symbol "V" means any vowel.

International Keyboard Codes
A-Ring å Å RightAlt+W, Shift+RightAlt+W --
AE Ligature æ Æ RightAlt+Z, Shift+RightAlt+Z --
C Cedille ç Ç RightAlt+<, Shift+RightAlt+< --
Circumflex ô Ô Shift+^, V --
Acute é É

', V ' = apostrophe key
Umlaut ë Ë ", V "= quote key
Grave è È
`, V

Double Ange Quotes



Example 1: To type the letter ó - Type the apostrophe key ('), then O.  For Ó, type the apostrophe, then capital O.

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Macintosh Accent Codes

Accented Vowels and Punctuation

For the Template, the symbol "V" means any vowel. The format is to hold the first two keys down simultaneously, release, then type the vowel you wish to be accented.

Mac Option Codes
A-Ring å Å Option+A
AE Ligature æ Æ Option+'
Shift_ Option+'
C Cedille ç Ç Option+C
OE Ligature œ Œ Option+Q
Shift+ Option+Q
Circumflex ô Ô Option+I, V
Acute é É

Option+E, V
Umlaut ë Ë Option+U, V
Grave è È Option+`, V

Double Angle Braket



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HTML Accent Codes

Wallon Encoding and Language Tags

These are the codes which allow browsers and screen readers to process data as the appropriate language. All letters in codes are lower case.

See Using Encoding and Language Codes for more information on the meaning and implementation of these codes.

HTML Entity Codes

Use these codes to input accented letters in HTML. For instance, if you want to type Diè wåde you would type Di&egrave; w&aring;de

The numbers in parentheses are the numeric codes assigned in Unicode encoding. For instance, because è is number 233, Di&#232; can also be used to input Diè.These numbers are also used with the Windows Alt codes listed above.

HTML entity codes for Wallon characters:

Capital Vowels
Vwl Entity Code
Å &Aring; (197)
Æ &AElig; (198)
 &Acirc; (194)
È &Egrave; (200)
É &Eacute; (201)
Ê &Ecirc; (202)
Ë &Euml; (203)
Î &Icirc; (206)
Ô &Ocirc; (212)
Π&OElig; (140)
Û &Ucirc; (219)
Lowercase Vowels
Vwl Entity Code
â &acirc; (226)
æ &aelig; (230)
å &aring; (229)
è &egrave; (232)
é &eacute; (233)
ê &ecirc; (234)
ë &euml; (235)
î &icirc; (238)
ô &ocirc; (244)
œ &oelig; (156)
û &ucirc; (251)
Sym Entity Code
Ç &Ccedil; (199)
ç &ccedil; (231)
« &laquo; (171)
» &raquo; (187)

Using Encoding and Language Codes

Computers process text by assuming a certain encoding or a system of matching electronic data with visual text characters. Whenever you develop a Web site you need to make sure the proper encoding is specified in the header tags; otherwise the browser may default to U.S. settings and not display the text properly.

To declare an encoding, insert or inspect the following meta-tag at the top of your HTML file, then replace "???" with one of the encoding codes listed above. If you are not sure, use utf-8 as the encoding.

Generic Encoding Template

<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=??? ">

Declare Unicode

<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8 ">


The final close slash must be included after the final quote mark in the encoding header tag if you are using XHTML

Declare Unicode in XHTML

<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />

No Encoding Declared

If no encoding is declared, then the browser uses the default setting, which in the U.S. is typically Latin-1. Some display errors may occur.

Language Tags

Language tags are also suggested so that search engines and screen readers parse the language of a page. These are metadata tags which indicate the language of a page, not devices to trigger translation. Visit the Language Tag page to view information on where to insert it.


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Walloon Language


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Last Modified: Tuesday, 04-Jun-2013 12:40:09 EDT