Teaching and Learning with Technology

Computing With Accents and Foreign Scripts

Skip Menu


  1. About Wolof
  2. Windoows Alt Codes
  3. Macintosh Accent Codes
  4. HTML Encodings
    1. Language Codes: wo
  5. Linux Links

About Wolof

Wolof is the majority language of the African country of Senegal and is found in other countries.

Windows Alt Codes

In Windows, combinations of the ALT key plus a numeric code can be used to type a non-English character (accented letter or punctuation symbol) in any Windows application. More detailed instructions about typing accents with ALT keys are available.  Additional options for entering accents in Windows are also listed in the Accents section of this Web site.

Wolof ALT Codes (Caps and Lowercase)

Let ALT Code
À ALT+0192
É ALT+0201
Ë ALT+0203
Ñ ALT+0209
Ó ALT+0211
Let ALT Code
à ALT+0224
é ALT+0233
ë ALT+0235
ñ ALT+0241
ó ALT+0243

Inserting N-hook/Engma /ŋ/

Windows Vista

Wolof support has also been expanded in Windows Vista.

Top of Page

Windows International Keyboard Codes

In order to use these codes you must activate the international keyboard. Instructions are listed in the Keyboards section of this Web site.

International Keyboard Codes
Character Description
À à

('+V) - Type grave key (upper right), then lowercase or capital A.

Acute Accent

('+V) - Type apostrophe (singe quote), then either the vowel E or O.

Ë, ë

("+V) - Type apostrophe (singe quote), then lowercase or capital E.

ñ, Ñ

Type SHIFT+~, then either lowercase n or capital N.

Top of Page

Macintosh Accent Codes

On the Macintosh platform, you can use the following Option key combinations.

Wolof Mac Accent Codes (Caps and Lowercase)

Let ALT Code
À Option+`, Shift+A
É Option+E, Shift+E
Ë Option+U, Shift+E
Ñ Option+N,Shift+N
Ó Option+E, Shift+O
Let ALT Code
à Option+`, A
é Option+E, E
ë Option+U, E
ñ Option+N, N
ó Option+E, O

Example 1: To input the lower case ë, hold down the Option key, then the U key. Release both keys then type lowercase E.
Example 2: To input the capital Ë, hold down the Option key, then the U key. Release all both keys then type capital E.

Insert N-hook, engma /ŋ/

You can the Character Pallette to insert N-hook. The N-hook is located within the Symbols folder under "Phonetic Symbols".

Top of Page

HTML Accent Codes

Wolof Encoding and Language Tags

These are the codes which allow browsers and screen readers to process data as the appropriate language. All letters in codes are lower case.

See Using Encoding and Language Codes for more information on the meaning and implementation of these codes.

HTML Entity Codes

Use these codes to input accented letters in HTML.

Wolof HTML Entity Codes

Let Entity Code
Ŋ Ŋ (cap N hook)
Let Entity Code
à à
é é
ë ë
ñ ñ
ŋ ŋ (lower N hook)
ó ó

Using Encoding and Language Codes

Computers process text by assuming a certain encoding or a system of matching electronic data with visual text characters. Whenever you develop a Web site you need to make sure the proper encoding is specified in the header tags; otherwise the browser may default to U.S. settings and not display the text properly.

To declare an encoding, insert or inspect the following meta-tag at the top of your HTML file, then replace "???" with one of the encoding codes listed above. If you are not sure, use utf-8 as the encoding.

Generic Encoding Template

<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=??? ">

Declare Unicode

<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8 ">


The final close slash must be included after the final quote mark in the encoding header tag if you are using XHTML

Declare Unicode in XHTML

<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />

No Encoding Declared

If no encoding is declared, then the browser uses the default setting, which in the U.S. is typically Latin-1. Some display errors may occur.

Language Tags

Language tags are also suggested so that search engines and screen readers parse the language of a page. These are metadata tags which indicate the language of a page, not devices to trigger translation. Visit the Language Tag page to view information on where to insert it.

Top of Page

Last Modified: Tuesday, 04-Jun-2013 12:40:09 EDT