Yoruba is spoken in Nigeria, Benin and elsewhere.
Yoruba is written in the Roman alphabet but includes dotted vowels, and so requires special font keyboard support separate from languages like Spanish and French.
The following fonts include characters for dotted letters found in Yoruba spelling.
Free keyeboard utilites and fonts are available from
Read installation instructions for details. For best results, use fonts which support combining diacritics such as Arial Unicode MS.
Yoruba support has also been expanded in Windows Vista, but it does not include a Yoruba keyboard in the English version.
For dotted vowels, you can switch to the Extended Roman keyboard (10.2) or the U.S. Extended keyboard (10.3) then use the following codes:
|Acute Above||ó,Ó||Option+X, V|
|Grave Above||ò,Ò||Option+`, V|
|Acute Above with Dot Below||ọ́,Ọ́́||Option+X, V then Shift+Option+E|
|Grave Above with Dot Below||ọ̀,Ọ̀||Option+X, V then Shift+Option+`|
For instance, to type ọ́ you would type the code for dotted lowercase O (Option+X then O), then add the combining acute accent with Shift+Option+E. Note that vowels with accents above and below use a "combining" diacritic. Therefore, placement on certain vowels may not be optimal.
For print work, there are also a number of freeware and shareware phonetics and classics fonts. You can check the Summer Institute for Linguistics Fonts in Cyberspace for more details.
For the Web, you can use the Unicode numeric codes listed below.
For dotted consonants, the following browsers have the most consistent results.
Internet Explorer for Windows may not display implosive consonants by default. Users who prefer Internet Explorer for Windows should set the Latin font to Arial Unicode MS or some other Unicode script with phonetic symbol support.
Internet Explorer for Macintosh does not support implosive consonant symbols.
These are the codes which allow browsers and screen readers to process data as the appropriate language. All letters in codes are lower case.
See Using Encoding and Language Codes for more information on the meaning and implementation of these codes.
The tables for the Yoruba accents are divided into codes for grave and acute tone marks for plain vowels and codes dotted vowels and dotted s.
Use these codes to input accented letters in HTML. For instance, if you want to type Yorùbá you would type Yórùba.
Below are the codes for dotted letters including dotted vowels with tone marks. Note that dotted vowels with accents requires two codes - the one for the dotted vowels and one for a combining accent mark. For instance, if you wanted to type ọ̀rọ̀ you would type ọ̀rọ̀.
Capital E Dot
Capital O Dot
Capital S Dot
Capital E Dot Grave
Capital O Dot Grave
Capital E Dot Acute
Capital O Dot Acute
Lower E Dot
Lower O Dot
Lower S Dot
Lower E Dot Grave)
Lower O Dot Grave
Lower E Dot Acute
Lower O Dot Acute)
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